CEJ 270-2015-196

Mesoporous ZSM5 having both intrinsic acidic and basic sites for
cracking and methanation

Mesoporous ZSM5 (mZSM5) was prepared by the dual templating method for n-heptane cracking and CO
methanation. The properties of mZSM5 were tailored by varying the aging time in the 0.5–3-day range.
The physical properties of the catalysts were characterized with XRD, FESEM, nitrogen physisorption and
IR. XRD and FESEM analyses indicated that mZSM5s possessed a high crystalline structure with coffintype
morphology. Nitrogen physisorption analysis revealed the presence of both micropores and mesopores
in high surface area mZSM5s with inter- and intra-particle porosity. The pyridine and pyrrole
adsorbed IR spectroscopy results demonstrated that mZSM5s have both intrinsic acidic and basic sites,
which are suitable for acid and/or base catalyzed reactions. The bare mZSM5-0.5D exhibited the highest
rate of conversion of n-heptane (0.0230 lmol/m2 s) and CO (0.0226 lmol/m2 s) at 573 K and 723 K,
respectively. The mZSM5s performed with good stability and no deactivation up to 30 h for n-heptane
cracking and CO methanation. Co-existence of micro-mesopores and intrinsic acidic–basic sites is vital
for acid-catalyzed and base-catalyzed reactions.