CEJ 295-2016-1

CO2 reforming of CH4 over Ni–Co/MSN for syngas production: Role of Co
as a binder and optimization using RSM

A bimetallic Ni–Co catalyst supported on MSN (Ni–Co/MSN) was prepared by consecutive in situ electrolysis
method. XRD and XPS results revealed that the addition of Co as a binder induced the formation of
NiCo2O4, a spinel-type solid solution. The results implied a d-electron transfer from Co to Ni, which
increased the electron density of Ni in the Ni–Co/MSN. The formation of Ni–Co alloy in the Ni–Co/MSN
helped in decreasing the Ni particle size, providing better metal dispersion, and established a stronger
interaction between Ni and Co, as evidenced by TEM and H2-TPR analyses. In comparison to the Ni/MSN,
the Ni–Co/MSN exhibited higher activity up to 97.5% CH4 conversion and stability for more than 30 h time
on stream. The high performance of the Ni–Co/MSN was due to the synergistic effect between Ni and Co,
small Ni particle size and better Ni dispersion. The enrichment of electron on Ni particles and high antisintering
ability of the Ni–Co/MSN catalyst were responsible to maintain the stability of the catalyst. The
analysis of variance (ANOVA) analysis indicated that reaction temperature was the prominent significant
single variable that affected the CH4 conversion, followed by interaction of temperature and CO2/CH4 ratio
and quadratic interaction of GHSV. The optimum CH4 conversion predicted from the response surface analysis
is 97% at reaction temperature of 783 C, CO2:CH4 ratio of 3, and GHSV of 38,726 mL g1 h1.
2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved