RSER 37-2014-840

Recentscenarioandtechnologiestoutilizenon-edibleoilsfor
biodiesel production

It iswellknownthatenergyconsumptionisrapidlyincreasingduetopopulationgrowth,higher
standard oflivingandincreasedproduction.Significant amountsofenergyresourcesarebeing
consumed bythetransportationsectorleadingtothefastdepletionoffossilfuelsandenvironmental
pollution. Biodieselisoneofthetechnicallyandeconomicallyfeasibleoptionstotackletheaforesaid
problems. Biodieselisproducedmainlyfromedibleoils.However,itisbelievedthattheextensiveuseof
edible oilsforbiodieselproductionmayleadtofoodshortagesinmostofthedevelopingcountries.
Therefore,theaimofthispaperistoreviewthenecessityandpotentialityofthenon-edibleoilsandto
identify theemergingtechnologiestoproducebiodiesel.Specialattentionhasbeenpaidtotheimpactof
biofuels onagriculturalcommoditypricesandthefood–fuel debate.